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Capital: Santo Domingo
Land Surface: 48,420 km2
Population Density: 206.1 persons/km2
Urban Population: 31.15%
Population Growth Rate: 3.5%
Currency: Dominican peso
RISK MANAGEMENT & INSTITUTIONAL SITUATION
Dominican Republic, in disaster management and risk management, has fallen mainly on the national civil protection agencies or risk reduction.
With [www.geocities.com/leyesdominicanas/ley147-02.html - Law 147-02 Risk Management], created the National System for Prevention, Mitigation and Response to Disaster. This system is the set of guidelines, policies, activities, resources, programs and institutions that allows the realization of the four main national objectives in terms of risk: risk reduction and disaster prevention; socialization of risk prevention and mitigation; effective response in case of emergency, and rapid and sustainable recovery of affected areas and populations. The National System for Prevention, Mitigation and Response Disaster consists, in organizational terms, several instances of coordination that operate hierarchically and interactuante:
1) National Council for Prevention, Mitigation and Response to Disaster: instance leadership responsible for directing, managing, planning and coordinating the National System. The National Council meets at least twice a year and is composed of the President of the Republic, secretaries of state, heads and representatives of Civil Society.
2) National Emergency Commission: dependent on the National Council, is coordinated and chaired the executive director of the Civil Defense. This Commission has a permanent technical team composed of officials qualified to lead and guide areas of study technical, scientific, economic, financial, community, legal and institutional, for the purpose of helping to develop and promote the policies and decisions of the National Council . Assigned to the National Emergency Commission is the Technical Committee on Prevention and Mitigation of Risks, which operates as an agency consultant and coordinator of activities for the reduction of risk. The attribution of this vital Technical Committee is to propose and submit the updated plan National Risk Management and the National Emergency Plan to the National Commission for their knowledge and approval by the National Council.
The operational arm of the National Emergency Commission is the Emergency Operations Center which serves as the coordinating agency for response and preparedness in the event of disasters. This Operations Center is run by the Civil Defence, the Secretary of State for the Armed Forces and the Fire Department of Santo Domingo. In addition, the National Emergency Commission has the Operating Committee and the National Emergency Advisory Team.
3) Regional Committees, provincial and municipal Prevention, Mitigation and Response to Disaster: composed of the highest provincial and municipal authorities.
The regulations concerning the management of the response to an adverse event has evolved since 1966, that due to the issuance of Law no. 257-66 of the June 17, 1966 created the Office of Civil Defense and Decree no. 1525 of July 28, 1966 which establishes the rules for implementing that law. Based on this policy, the country has developed a set of rules and ordinances that have been shaping legislation on country risk.
In this sense dated June 5, 1968 was issued Decree no. 2045 creates and integrates the Commission on Civil Defence and October 15, 1981 through Decree no. 2784 is created and the Integrated National Commission called National Emergency Plan whose main function was to formulate the National Emergency Plan.
Through the legal framework expressed in the Act. 147-02 2002, had established the general principles, definitions of terms, a risk management policy and how to instrumentarla, by the Act establishing the National System for Prevention, Mitigation and Response to Disaster, its structure provides for the an organic and functional, besides expressing determines coordination mechanisms, which are contained in Decree no. 932 of the September 13, 2003 approving the Implementing Regulations of Law 147-02 on Risk Management.
Under the statutory regulations mentioned above. The National Emergency Commission is empowered to take the initiative to implement, develop managerial and submit projects that tend to reduce the vulnerabilities that are exposed to our communities, and promote proposals to increase the quality of life for all inhabitants of the Dominican Republic .
All content of this page: © Copyright International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (EIRD), 2012 & © Copyright World Health Organization (WHO), 2012. All Rights Reserved. View original facts page by clicking here.